Potassium deficiency symptoms can result in Hypokalemia or low levels of potassium in your blood. One way to avoid hypokalemia is to include enough potassium rich foods in your diet every day.
Hyperkalemia or symptoms of high potassium is the opposite of hypokalemia and results in high levels of potassium in the blood. Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia are common electrolyte disorders caused by changes in your potassium intake, altered excretion of potassium, or a transcellular shift of potassium.
You are more likely to experience Hypokalemia or potassium deficiency symptoms, because most people are suffering from potassium deficiency symptoms due to changes in our diet for the last few decades. However, your odds of developing Hyperkalemia are pretty high with certain lifestyle choices.
Salty Foods, Fast Foods, and Processed Foods
Lack of Fresh Whole Foods and Inadequate Potassium Intake
Toxins and GMOs
Profuse Sweating and Fluid Loss
Having the Flu
High Amounts of Stress
Taking Antibiotics or Steroids
Diarrhea and Vomiting
High Amounts of Sugar in Diet
Experiencing High Blood Sugar or Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Excessive Water Drinking
Being too Alkaline and Alkalosis
The normal range for a potassium blood level is 3.5 to 5.1 mEq/liter or milliequivalents per liter.
Hypokalemia occurs when a potassium blood level falls below the
3.5 level. There is a possibility that 1 out of
5 people hospitalized in the United States have a low potassium blood
level. A 2.5 blood potassium level is considered "life threatening".
Hyperkalemia or too much potassium in the blood occurs when your potassium blood level is above the 5.1 level. A blood level above 5.5 will be defined as hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia can also be a life threatening problem and above 7.0 is considered dangerous requiring immediate intervention.
Diet too High in Sugar that causes Insulin Resistance or Diabetes
Too Much Potassium Foods or Potassium Supplements
High Amounts of Exercise
Injury, Trauma, and Burns
Anything that injures or causes your muscles to break down can release a high amount of potassium from your muscle cells into your bloodstream.
Also, when your body contains too much acid from certain types of acidosis, potassium is moved out of your cells and can produce hyperkalemia.
It's normal for 98% of the potassium in your body to be found in your cells (aka intracellular) of various tissues. Usually only 2% of potassium is
in extracellular fluids and in blood plasma.
Certain Medications and Drugs
Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Potassium Sparing Diuretics, ACE Inhibitors, and Beta Blockers
Supplements like Amino Acids and Hawthorne Berry
Consuming Too Much Alcohol (especially with drugs)
Adrenal Failure or Addison's Disease
Renal Failure or Kidney Failure
When hyperkalemia happens, it's usually from an increase in the amount of potassium intake coming into the body or an increase from the intracellular potassium into your blood.
And anything that impairs the mechanisms to remove this extra potassium from the blood or excrete extra potassium (like with kidney problems) will also cause hyperkalemia.