Types of Chickens
that Are Good Egg Layers
The types of chickens that are good egg laying breeds will produce anywhere from 250 to 300 eggs per
Which will also depend on environmental conditions and their diet.
This is a picture of a White Leghorn and an Easter Egger that we use to have in our backyard.
Or rather our back patio which taught me a lot about different chicken personalities and about what not to do in the future.
The White Leghorn can lay 300 or more large white eggs per year, but she was always hungry and a little flighty.
I found that as long as I feed this bird enough, she would continue to lay eggs throughout the year. However, I didn't like her personality and she would peck on our Easter Egger.
Our Easter Egger was such a sweet bird and not very demanding. She was also a good egg layer and layed medium sized green eggs.
She could almost keep up with the White Leghorn, but occasionally would take a day or two off from egg production.
Types of Chickens - Black Australorps
Australorps are an Australian breed of chicken and the black colored Australorp is the most common.
They are a dual purpose type of chicken that is used for their eggs and for their meat.
They are very dependable egg layers and will lay eggs regardless of weather patterns.
They typically lay 250 to 300 large light brown eggs per year, but do
hold the record for most eggs laid by a chicken which was 364 eggs in
They are a friendly, easy to handle, and calm type of chicken. They bear confinement well, but also like to forage.
can live in most climates and do well in colder climates. And they
should get along well with other flocks, but like to be on top of the
Types of Chickens - White Leghorns
Leghorn chickens are a breed that originates from Italy and there are
many types of leghorns. The White Leghorn is probably the most common
type you'll find these days.
Leghorns are classically beautiful and have a large floppy red comb.
These chickens are known for being excellent egg layers and my Leghorn actually gave me two eggs in one day!
Leghorns can produce 300 or more large white eggs per year. The White Leghorns are the most common chickens that are used for commercial egg production.
These birds are somewhat flighty or nervous in nature and are considered very active birds. They are also somewhat smaller in size with hens typically weighing in at 4 1/2 pounds.
And as I mentioned earlier, my Leghorn pecked on my more docile Easter Egger. Also, Leghorns like to eat a lot.
Leghorns do make great foragers and would probably be happier with more living space. They can be raised in many climates, but may not favor extremely cold weather.
Types of Chickens - Rhode Island Reds
Rhode Island Reds are a very popular American breed of chicken and
this dual breed is raised for meat and for eggs.
Rhode Island Reds
usually have rust colored feathers and are a large breed of chicken.
are excellent egg layers and can lay anywhere from 200 to 300 large
brown eggs per year.
These chickens are more resistant to illness and
are extremely cold hardy birds, but not especially heat hardy.
Island Reds are generally good natured and easy going, but
sometimes they can be aggressive.
We had a chicken that was a cross between a Rhode Island Red and a Sex Link to go with our Leghorn and Easter Egger.
She was very sweet when we first brought her home, but became very aggressive when we brought home the other birds.
To the point where we had to kick her out of the coop and find her another home.
We decided to give her away to someone who had a large flock with lots of land because she was such a good forager. And boy she liked to eat!
Types of Chickens
- Gold Sex Links or Golden Comet
Gold Sex Links are a dual purpose chicken that's used for meat and
for their eggs.
These chickens are referred to as sex links due to
females hatching as one color and the males hatching in another.
This makes it easy to distinguish their sex when they are born.
Gold Sex Links are a consistent producer of large brown eggs and can lay up to 300 eggs per year.
This type of chicken handles confinement well and is a more docile type of bird. They are well suited for small coops, but can also fit into free ranging farms.
They are a hardy bird that can withstand cold temperatures and are very broody to the point where they may sit on other chicken's eggs.
Types of Chickens - Barred Plymouth Rocks
Barred Plymouth Rocks are an American breed of chicken and are
recognized by their black and white stripes. They are also referred to as Barred Rocks.
These chickens are dual
purpose chickens that are raised for meat and for their eggs.
Barred Plymouth Rocks are good egg layers. They can lay up to 280 large brown eggs per year and all year round.
And some can even lay pink colored eggs.
Barred Plymouth Rocks are a mellow and friendly breed of chicken. They are considered a rather docile type of bird, so this makes them an ideal backyard chicken for a city or sub-division property.
Also, they can integrate well with other flocks of birds. This breed can tolerate confinement, but is happiest when foraging.
They are a somewhat heavy bird and adult hens can weigh as much as 7 to 8 lbs.
This hardy breed is able to adapt quickly to their environment. However, they will do better in moderate to cold weather.
Types of Chickens - Speckled Sussex
The Speckled Sussex is a very old English breed and a dual purpose chicken that's also raised for its meat.
The speckled coloring of this bird makes them blend in with the environment and helps to camouflage them from predators.
This chicken can lay 250 to 300 large light brown or tinted eggs per year. They will continue to produce eggs even in the cold weather.
They handle confinement well, but are also comfortable with free ranging because they are good foragers.
The Speckled Sussex is an alert, very gentle, chatty, and docile bird that loves being part of a family.
However, other birds may pick on this breed, so don't keep it with aggressive chickens like White Leghorns.
This bird will do well in most climates. And they tend to get broody in the warmer months.
Types of Chickens - Easter Eggers
The Easter Egger is often mistaken for Araucana or Ameraucana chickens because they look very similar and can also lay blue colored eggs.
this chicken is a mixed breed that does not conform to a breed standard
and cannot be shown.
Easter Eggers usually have muffs and a pea comb.
And they will come in many colors.
These chickens are good egg layers and can produce 250 medium to large colored eggs per year.
Your Easter Egger can produce either blue, green, sage, olive, brown, cream, and rose colored eggs.
However, it's important to note that Easter Eggers will not switch the color of the eggs they lay throughout their lifetime.
Easter Eggers have a great temperament and are very smart birds.
They are also heat and cold hearty birds which means they can live in many climates. And they bear confinement well, but also like to forage.
Types of Chickens - Ameraucana
The Ameraucana is a rare and beautiful American breed that was
developed in the 1970's. This chicken's head reminds me of a hawk more
than a chicken.
This breed was derived from the Araucana
chickens brought over from Chile. Both breeds will have a pea comb and
the blue egg gene.
However, the American breed has a tail, muffs, beard, and does not have the breeding problems inherent to Araucanas.
The Ameraucana chicken lays about 250 medium sized eggs per year in shades of blue which can include slate blue.
Ameraucanas are usually only available through "actual" breeders and will come in either a black, blue wheaten, blue, brown red, buff, silver, wheaten, or white coloring.
Ameraucanas are a curious, quiet, docile, and sometimes a skittish breed of chicken.
However, they are very well-rounded and able to adapt to many climates. They may offer some type of protection from birds of prey like hawks by the noise they can make.
They are also a hardy winter bird that bears confinement well. And they are not very broody.
Best Types of Chickens for Your Backyard
Of course, these are only a handful of egg laying types of chickens to consider for your backyard or for your egg production.
There are many other breeds or types of chickens, so do some research.
Since we've had those three chickens, I've experienced working on many farms that had chickens.
One of these farms was a somewhat
large egg farm in Northern California that sold pastured eggs.
They made sure there was
at least 4 to 6 different colored eggs per dozen (blue, green, shades of brown, white, pink) to keep their
customers happy and interested.
If I ever decide to sell eggs, that's the way I'd definitely do it!
My favorite egg laying chicken that I personally owned was the Easter Egger - so far.
I liked its personality way better than the White Leghorn or the Rhode Island Red/Sex Link.
However, the Leghorn and the Rhode Island Red/Sex Link were incredible egg laying machines.
Those two would have probably worked out fine, if we had a big enough backyard for them to forage.
Since then we have taken care of many other breeds. I have to say that I am now a big fan of the Black Australorps and the Barred Plymouth Rocks.
I also found the Speckled Sussex to be one of the most pleasant types of chicken.
Go to Building a Chicken Coop
Return to Raising Chickens