What is Potassium to Sodium
- Ideal Ratio?
What is potassium to Sodium - ideal ratio?
If you want to avoid hypertension, you'll want to strive for a 4 to 1 ratio in favor of potassium.
One potassium fact worth remembering is that potassium works
very closely with sodium to help regulate the fluid in your cells.
of potassium can cause a whole host of problems that range from fatigue
to cardiac arrest.
This electrolyte or mineral is a key element in the everyday functions
of your body. And is needed to support your muscles as well as your
Potassium will be abundantly found in a glass of fresh squeezed orange
juice and is usually found in all fresh whole foods.
This mineral is essential to your
health and "well" being because it is a major electrolyte in your body.
What is Potassium Facts?
- Catalyst for Certain Enzymes
- Needed to Metabolize Fat
- Involved with Regulation of Sodium
- Helps Regulate Bowel Function
- Helps with Weight Loss
- Helps with Calcium Retention
- Involved with Acid/Alkaline Balance
- Helps to Eliminate Wastes from Your Body
- Regulates Transfer of Nutrients
- Involved with Muscle Contractions
- Involved with Protein Synthesis
- Essential for a Healthy Heart
- Essential for Conducting Nerve Impulses
- Essential for Normal Blood Pressure
- Needed to Metabolize Carbohydrates
- Involved with Energy Production
What is Potassium/Sodium Imbalance?
Our processed and fast food diets have
created an imbalance between potassium and sodium - in favor of sodium.
A lot of our modern day fare goes through several processing steps.
Processed foods tend to lose potassium and gain sodium!
High amounts of sodium aka salt can bring a lot of water into your blood and
create high blood pressure which can put a lot of pressure on your heart.
However, you will need a certain amount of sodium to work with potassium for
the regulation of your bodily fluids.
Unfortunately, most people will consume way too much sodium in the form of salt.
To top it off, many people have developed addictions that include the over-consumption of sugar and diuretics like caffeine or alcohol that will also deplete potassium which equals "Big Problems!"
What is Potassium/Sodium Salt?
Common salts like white table salt will contain 98 to 100% sodium chloride which comes out to about 40% pure sodium.
This means that for every 1/4 tsp of salt, you will consume about 600 mg. of sodium.
Table salt usually comes with some type of filler like anti-caking agents. And white table salt usually comes with no trace elements or minerals.
Lower sodium salts like PANSALT contain only 56 to 57% sodium chloride which is about 1/2 the amount of sodium found in common salts.
Supposedly, it tastes just like regular salt and behaves like regular salt in cooking. And it has been proven to be clinically effective on lowering blood pressure.
It's probably because it contains a decent amount of Potassium (like in supplements) in its formula - about 28%.
The only problem with this particular potassium/sodium salt is that it may only be found in the Philippines - until someone starts selling this salt in the USA.
A very popular salt is Himalayan salt which comes with trace elements and minerals.
This salt gives you a little potassium and iron which gives this salt its pink color.
Himalayan salt contains just under 37% of pure sodium which gives you about 2% less sodium than table salt.
However, you should probably limit the amount of sodium that you get from any of these "salts" or sodium chloride.
True or "real" sodium comes from fresh whole foods and whole foods usually contain a high % of potassium. This is a much healthier option in my opinion.
What is Potassium to Sodium - Ideal Ratio?
What is potassium to sodium ratio that has proven to be effective on hypertension?
Well as far as I can tell it's at least a 4 to 1 ratio or 4 potassium to 1
This ratio has proven to be effective on hypertension
which helps to keep your body in a relaxed state.
Before the onslaught of processed foods found on every grocery store shelf today and the popularity of fast food restaurants we had a 4 to 1 ratio. And even a 10 to 1 ratio in favor of potassium!
What is potassium to sodium ratio In older times? It may have been a ratio of 16 to 1.
Which is quite a bit different than the ratio of potassium to sodium today!
What is Potassium - K Factor?
What is potassium K Factor?
It's the balance between potassium (which is represented
by K+) and sodium (which is represented by Na+) ions in and between the
cells of your body.
In other words, the K Factor is your potassium to sodium ratio.
Unfortunately, the typical American diet is very high in sodium (from
salts) and low in potassium (from processed foods) which gives you a low K Factor.
And this will compromise the function of your sodium-potassium pumps!
The sodium-potassium pump or the Na+/K+ pump was discovered by Dr. Jens Christian Skou.
Dr. Jens Skou actually called this pump "Na+, K+ -ATPase".
And he claimed that
this pump was an enzyme that moves ions across the cell membrane.
It's located on the membrane of every cell which pumps 3 sodium ions out of your cells and pumps 2 potassium
ions into your cells.
These pumps are necessary to re balance the quantities of the charged ions that face each other across the cell membrane.
Creates an Electrical Potential!
Differences in their concentration will create an electrical potential
or voltage which makes it possible for your nerve cells to signal each
other as well as other organs of your body.
These pumps operate much like a battery which generates a controlled
current which is essential for the communication and transport (in and
out) of your cell's nutrients and other compounds.
Potassium regulates fluid balance in your body by means of the sodium-potassium pumps.
ATP is used to keep the pumps going and your cells will expend most of their energy operating millions of these pumps.
Dr. Skou also discovered that the pumps were most active when
exposed to the right combination of sodium, potassium, and magnesium
FYI, there needs to be more potassium than sodium in your body to make these sodium-potassium pumps work properly!
When the K Factor is too low (not enough potassium to charge cells),
these pumps or enzymes will not work very well and it can affect several other
mechanisms that contribute to hypertension.
In other words, when your pumps are weak, your battery will lose its charge!
This will affect your calcium pump and you will end up with too much calcium being found inside your cells instead of on the outside of your cells.
This will cause contracting muscles (hypertension) and decrease your cell's ability to remove glucose from your blood.
You will literally become "hardened" by too much calcium being found inside your cells where they really don't belong.
Obesity, heart problems,
and mental issues have all been linked to the over-consumption of sodium and
the under-consumption of potassium. And at least 10 diseases have been linked to dysfunctional pumps!
Balancing the K Factor
A recent study estimates that the daily intake (in America) of potassium is about 2,400 mg.
The intake of sodium for most people is about 3,000 to 4,000 mg.
What is Potassium K Factor? 0 (Zero!)
The K Factor should (at the very least) be 3 times higher in potassium than sodium.
Which would be more like 4,500 mg. of potassium to no more than 1,500 mg. of sodium per day for most adults.
Eating more fresh whole foods that contain a High K Factor will be necessary to correct this imbalance.
And limiting processed foods that are high in sodium (from salt) and low in potassium will play an important part.
Is it Possible Some People Need More Sodium?
Yes, there may be lifestyles that require a higher intake of sodium.
This might include athletes, people with weak adrenal glands, people who live in hot climates, and people on Ketogenic diets.
However, could this really be a chicken-and-egg situation? In other words, what's really gone wrong?
What is potassium deficiency symptoms and why isn't that being addressed?
Let's go back to the sodium-potassium pumps which are critically important for charging and re charging your battery.
Your cell membranes have gateways where potassium can flow out and sodium temporarily flows in.
This generates an electrical charge that pushes electrical impulses along your nerves to your brain.
The exchange of potassium and sodium is crucial for your nerves and muscles to work properly.
problems will occur with these gateways when you don't have enough
potassium, have insufficient mitochondria, or have leaky cell membranes.
will allow sodium ions and potassium ions (which are extremely small)
to sneak back across the cell membranes in the wrong direction.
Leaky cell membranes can occur from a deficiency of cholesterol, insufficient sulfate (for "exclusion zone"), or lack of PUFAs (omega 3s) to name a few reasons.
Your body will then have to expend much more energy pumping sodium and potassium ions that will eventually lead to burning out your mitochondria which generates your ATP.
As a last ditch solution after running low on ATP, your body will have to rely on calcium to plug up the holes.
And this calcium will also be used to help your cells maintain their charge.
Knowledge of the sodium-potassium pumps is crucial for your understanding of energy balance and the disease mechanisms that will come into play when these pumps are not functioning properly.
Dysfunctional pumps will lead to a lot of "metabolic" problems!
Go to Supplemental Sources of Potassium and Sodium
Return to Potassium Rich Foods