Ethiopian Kitfo Recipe

A spicy Ethiopian kitfo recipe could be just the meal to get you going with its spicy blend of African chili peppers.

Kitfo is a traditional Ethiopian dish that's made from finely chopped raw meat mixed with seasoned clarified butter and spices.

Even though this meal is traditionally eaten raw, you can slightly cook the meat to make what is called Kitfo Leb Leb.

Traditional Ethiopian Kitfo

The Main Ingredients:

  • Raw Minced Beef
  • Spiced Clarified Butter (Niter Kibbeh)
  • Mitmita (a spicy blend of African chili peppers)

Traditionally eaten with cooked greens, soft cheese, and flatbread (Injera or Kocho).

This is literally making my mouth water!  And I think that it's a great way to experience raw meat.

How to Make Ethiopian Kitfo


  • High Quality Minced Meat
  • Mitmita
  • Salt
  • Koremina or Korerima Seeds
  • Niter Kibbeh

A grass fed tenderloin would be a great choice for making the minced beef for your kitfo. 

Just be sure the meat you decide to use for your kitfo - is at room temperature before you cut it into tiny pieces. 

And be sure to remove any fat and all sinew.

Ethiopian clarified butter is usually seasoned with spices and herbs. 

You can make a simple version of this seasoned butter or make a more traditional Niter Kibbeh.

Mitmita is an Ethiopian orange-red chili pepper blend that is very spicy.

And you could probably replace is with cayenne pepper mixed with Ethiopian cardamom - if you can't find the real thing.

Korerima or False Cardamom is Ethiopian cardamom.  And it varies greatly from the green Indian cardamom in taste, smell, and size.

If you can't find Ethiopian cardamom, use the smaller black cardamom seeds instead.

Just be sure to stay away from the green cardamom when making kitfo.

An Ethiopian Kitfo Leb Leb Recipe

This preparation is called Kitfo Leb Leb which is just slightly cooked kitfo or rare kitfo.

This is also a great way to make sure the spices and seasoned butter gets evenly distributed into your Ethiopian kitfo.

Gluten Free Injera Recipe

Teff is a gluten free grain with no known allergens.  It is high in protein and high in minerals.  Teff is the staple grain of Ethiopia and injera will be relatively low in carbohydrates compared to other fermented breads.

Cooking Injera with the Right Tool

This is the type of cooking vessel that you will need to properly cook injera.

And you could certainly use "wild" yeast like she did or add in some sort of starter to ferment your teff.

She's right that fermenting this grain will get rid of its anti-nutrients.

However, I would not add baking powder or soda to my injera - if you ferment it correctly it will rise.

And it looks like she didn't add enough water in the beginning stage of the teff ferment - there should be a little more liquid than teff flour.

The Proper Cooking Technique

If you use the right technique - it will only take 20 to 30 seconds to cook your injera.

And the edges will start to curl up when it is done.

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